Risky Behavior Comes From The Movies – Part 3 of 3
Some experts disagree that the study provides cause for concern. Patrick Markey, an confidant professor of psychology at Villanova University, said the study relies on speculation, not facts, regarding the potential risk to kids of these on-screen portrayals. Markey also pointed to the dwindle in US crime rates over the past 30 years, even as depictions of violence in movies appear to have increased.
Christopher Ferguson, chairman of the psychology department at Stetson University in DeLand, Fla., accused the researchers of being “moralistic”. They are following “an old-school ‘monkey see, about do’ thought on human behavior that is increasingly falling into disrepute clicking here. “There’s no evidence that this is a public-health concern, nor do the authors of this swatting provide any evidence of a public-health concern”.
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Risky Behavior Comes From The Movies – Part 2 of 3
For the new study, the researchers analyzed almost 400 top-grossing movies from 1985 to 2010 with an eye on violence and its connection to progenitive behavior, tobacco smoking and alcohol use. The movies in the sample weren’t chosen based on their appeal to children, so adult-oriented films little seen by kids might have been included. The researchers found that about 90 percent of the movies included at least one seriousness of violence involving a main character.
Violence was defined as virtually any attempt to physically harm someone else, even in fun. A line character also engaged in sexual behavior (a category that includes kissing on the lips and seductive dancing), smoked tobacco or drank alcohol in 77 percent of the movies. These co-occurring behaviors were less regular in G-rated movies. Movies rated PG-13 and R had similar rates of risky behaviors, although R-rated films were more likely to show tobacco use and explicit sex.
Bleakley said the Hollywood ratings system, which has been criticized for being more bothered about sex than violence, should consider cracking down on movies that show a “compounded portrayal” of risky activities. Bleakley said that, although the study doesn’t mention this, non-violent characters in the same films involved in about the same levels of sex, drinking and smoking. “Violent characters are being portrayed virtually the same as any other character in these films.
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Risky Behavior Comes From The Movies – Part 1 of 3
Risky Behavior Comes From The Movies. Violent motion picture characters are also likely to drink alcohol, smoke cigarettes and engage in sexual behavior in films rated suitable for children over 12, according to a new study. “Parents should be aware that youth who watch PG-13 movies will be exposed to characters whose violence is linked to other more common behaviors, such as alcohol and sex, and that they should chew over whether they want their children exposed to that influence,” said study lead author Amy Bleakley, a policy research scientist at the University of Pennsylvania’s Annenberg Public Policy Center. It’s not purge what this means for children who watch popular movies, however.
There’s intense debate among experts over whether violence on screen has any direct connection to what people do in real life. Even if there is a link, the new findings don’t establish whether the violent characters are glamorized or portrayed as villains. And the study’s definition of violence was broad, encompassing 89 percent of popular G- and PG-rated movies. The study, which was published in the January edition of the journal Pediatrics, sought to find out if violent characters also engaged in other risky behaviors in films viewed by teens.
Bleakley and her colleagues have published several studies admonition that kids who watch more fictional violence on screen become more violent themselves. Their research has come under attack from critics who argue it’s difficult to gauge the impact of movies, TV and video games when so many other things bring pressure to bear on children. In September 2013, more than 200 people from academic institutions sent a statement to the American Psychological Association saying it wrongly relied on “inconsistent or watery evidence” in its attempts to connect violence in the media to real-life violence.
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Smoking In The US Decreases – Part 2 of 2
The researchers also found that total home bans were more effective in homes without children. This may be because the bans in these homes are targeted specifically at quitting, rather than reducing children’s exposure to secondhand smoke. The findings show the import of smoking bans in homes and cities, according to Al-Delaimy. “California was the first state in the world to ban smoking in public places in 1994 and we are still finding the thetic impact of that ban by changing the social norm and having more homes and cities banning smoking look at this.
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Smoking In The US Decreases – Part 1 of 2
Smoking In The US Decreases. Total smoking bans in homes and cities greatly multiplication the likelihood that smokers will cut back or quit, according to a new study Dec 27, 2013. “When there’s a absolute smoking ban in the home, we found that smokers are more likely to reduce tobacco consumption and attempt to quit than when they’re allowed to smoke in some parts of the house,” Dr Wael Al-Delaimy, supervisor of the division of global health, department of family and preventive medicine, University of California, San Diego, said in a university news release. “The same held constant when smokers report a total smoking ban in their city or town.
Having both home and city bans on smoking appears to be even more effective”. The findings are from a survey of more than 1700 current smokers in California. While out-and-out bans on smoking in homes and public places were associated with reduced smoking and quitting, partial bans were not. Total home bans were more effective in reducing smoking amidst women and people 65 and older, while total bans in cities significantly increased the chances that men would quit, but not women, according to the study published online Nov 26, 2013 in the logbook Preventive Medicine.
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Money And Children And Physical Activity – Part 2 of 2
She is also associate director of the national poll. The researchers surveyed parents of children superannuated 12 to 17 and found that 42 percent said at least one of their children took part in school sports during the 2013-14 school year. However, there were significant differences based on household income. Of the 58 percent of parents who said their children did not gamble school sports, 14 percent said cost was the reason, according to the poll.
So “Participation in school sports offers so many benefits to children and teens, from reduce dropout rates to improved health and reduced obesity. It is significant to have one in seven parents of non-sports participants indicate that cost is keeping their kid out of the game. School administrators encounter to balance the budget for school sports without creating obstacles to participation continued. This poll shows the need for schools to continue to work on options for both low-income families, and families that don’t moderate for waivers but still may need financial help, because the risk of kids dropping out of sports is very real,” she concluded.
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Money And Children And Physical Activity – Part 1 of 2
Money And Children And Physical Activity. Many American children can’t furnish to participate in school sports, a new survey finds. Only 30 percent of students in families with annual household incomes of less than $60000 played dogma sports, compared with 51 percent of students in families that earned $60000 or more a year. The characteristic may stem from a common practice – charging middle and high schools students a “pay-to-play” fee to take part in sports, according to the researchers. The survey, from the University of Michigan Mott Children’s Hospital National Poll on Children’s Health, found that the so so school sports participation fee was $126 per child.
While 38 percent of students did not pay sports participation fees – some received waivers for those fees – 18 percent paid $200 or more. In putting together to pay-to-play fees, parents in the survey said they also paid an customary of $275 in other sports-related costs such as equipment and travel. “So, the average cost for sports participation was $400 per child. For many families, that cost is out of reach,” Sarah Clark, buddy research scientist at the university’s Child Health Evaluation and Research Unit, said in a university news release.
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